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The CE Mark

The free movement of goods is the cornerstone of a free trade area. The mechanisms that have been implemented in the European Union to ensure free movement of goods include the prevention of barriers to trade, harmonization of technical requirements and mutual recognition of conformity assessment outputs. Harmonization on a product by product basis was too slow, hence a New Approach on technical harmonization and standards (1985) and the Global Approach on conformity assessment (1990) was adopted. The New Approach did not result in the withdrawal of the "Old Approach", and technical regulations in especially the automotive, food, cosmetics and pharmaceutical sectors are still subject to them.

In the New Approach, harmonization is limited to essential requirements, and only products that meet the essential requirements may be placed on the market. Compliance with harmonized standards (EN Standards) provides a presumption of conformity with the essential requirements. These EN Standards, identified on the Official Journal of the EU, are considered to be voluntary in nature and manufacturers are free to choose other technical solutions if they so wish to meet the essential requirements. Using the EN Standards is however considered the most pragmatic approach.

see also
Check also from the consumers protection chapter;
Economic Development

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